If injuries are viewed as a disease similar to infection rather than an accident that is random and unpreventable, one can reasonably suspect that influencing predisposing factors may reduce the chance of injury.
Haddon was one of the pioneers of injury prevention and described a two-dimensional model for approaching injury and its causes.
The first dimension is the three factors of injury: host, agent or vector and environment.
The second dimension is the phase of injury divided into pre-event, event and post-event.
Using this model, any injury can be broken down into both its phases and contributing factors. A typical Haddon matrix using motor vehicle collision as an example is as follows. Note the bold text highlighting at first glance the identified relationship of gender to the matrix.
A Typical Haddon Matrix 
Visibility of hazards
Road curvature and gradient
Experience and Judgement
Center of gravity
Surface coefficient of friction
Amount of Travel
Ease of control
Divided highways, one-way streets
Intersections, access control
Drunk driving laws
Speed at impact
Speed limits of traffic
Direction of impact
Characteristics of fixed objects
Character of contact surfaces
Fuel system integrity
Triage and transfer protocols
Preexisting medical conditions/physical condition
Quality of emergency care
Location of appropriate ED
Access to definitive care
Access to rehabilitation services