Victims of injury and violent crime, if seriously injured, will be transported to regional trauma centres which have specific resources and expertise in trauma care. Trauma centres, which are part of larger jurisdictional trauma systems, have only been in existence during the last 50 years. This next section will look at the development of trauma care.
The care of multiply-injured patients evolved into the specialty of traumatology, the development of which is historically linked to wartime. Important advances in trauma care were seen in resuscitation, in wound and surgical management and in the development of trauma systems. The close link between trauma care and the military speaks to the gendered nature of our knowledge and history.