The economic impact of injuries is significant, especially since many are preventable. In assessing the effect of injury on society, research has been done to estimate the cost of injuries and the related societal burden. For Canadians, the estimated total annual cost of unintentional injuries is calculated at $8.7 billion or $300 per citizen. This figure takes into account hospitalized injuries, non-hospitalized injuries, and related deaths and disability .
Violence against women cuts across: class, education level, race, ability, sexual orientation, income level and effects us all. The costs are personal, social and economic and are paid by individuals and society. Injuries of this sort are often unrecognized and underreported for these reasons estimates of costs are partial and conservative at best. In 1995 one report estimated total cost of violence against Canadian women to be $ 4,225,954,322. This includes costs related to social services/education, criminal justice, labour/employment, and direct medical care costs of $408,357,042.
70% of all documented major injuries are male
70% of people dying from major injury are male
90% of those suffering intentional injuries such as homicide and injury deliberately inflicted by another person are male (with a mean age of 31 years)
70% of completed suicides are males (Suicide is the eleventh leading cause of death overall in Canada)
Throughout this module we will try to examine the social context that predisposes males to be the principal victims of injury and predisposes women to be victims of intimate partner violence and sexual crimes. As we move through the module you may think of reasons which can be added to the list above.
How might we approach addressing the cause of injury in a way that will lead to injury prevention? Later, we will discuss the scientific approach to injury. First, we will look at a history of traumatic injury.
6. Greaves L, Hankivsky O, Kingston-Riechers J. Selected Estimates of the Costs of Violence Against Women. Centre for Research on Violence Against Women and Children, London, Ontario 1995 http://www.crvawc.ca/docs/pub_greaves1995.pdf accessed April 23, 2006
8. OECD is the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development represents 30 member countries sharing a commitment to democratic government and the market economy. http://www.oecd.org/about/0,2337,en_2649_201185_1_1_1_1_1,00.html