This module has highlighted the significant burden of illness that is caused by unintentional injury and violence the world over.
Injury and violence are not gender-neutral. Masculinity and a heterosexual male identity promote risk-taking behaviours that are hazardous to health  and occupational traditions and wartime involvement place men in situations that are threatening to health. Injury statistics confirm the significant risks to health that men face as a result of socialization and learned gender roles.
Conversely, the inequalities women face in income and opportunity place them in a vulnerable position in society. The greater physical strength of men and the power they may exert over women continues to make violence against women a major health threat worldwide.
A public health approach to injury and violence is necessary to reduce the disability and lives lost to a young subset of the world’s population.
As present and future physicians of the global community, we can advocate for gender equity as a means to improve health. We can also raise awareness of the significance of socially constructed gender roles in allowing men and women to realize their potential for a healthy life.