In the year 2000, 1450 Canadian women were diagnosed with cervical cancer, and 430 women died from this disease.
Worldwide, cervical cancer is the third leading cause of cancer in women and 80% of cervical cancer deaths occur in developing countries.
In developed countries, screening for cervical cancer with regular Pap tests has been instrumental in reducing morbidity and mortality.
When cervical cancer becomes symptomatic, the 5 year survival is 10%, whereas the 5 year survival for cancer detected by screening is 90%.
The major risk factor for invasive disease is a lack of regular screening, and over 50% of women diagnosed with invasive cancer have never had a Pap test.