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References for this Section

1. American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Guidelines for perinatal care, 5th Edition. 2002

2. Heaman, MI, Gupton, AL, Moffatt, MEK. Prevalence and predictors of inadequate prenatal care: A comparison of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women in Manitoba. JOGC 2005;27:237-46.

3. National Council of Welfare. Healthy parents, healthy babies. 1997. Available at: Accessed July 2005.

4. Kramer, MS, Seguin, L, Lydon, J, Goulet, L. Socioeconomic disparities in pregnancy outcome: Why do the poor fair so poorly? Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2000;14:194-210.

5. Health Canada. Nutrition for a healthy pregnancy: National guidelines for the childbearing years. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada; 1999.

6. Widga, AC, Lewis, NM. Defined, in home, prenatal nutrition intervention for low-income women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1999;99:1058-62

7. Bodnar, LM, Scanlon, KS, Freedman, DS, Siega-Riz, AM, Cogswell, ME. High prevalence of post partum anemia among low income women in the United States. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2001;185:438-43.

8. Beard, JL, et al. Maternal iron deficiency anemia affects postpartum emotions and cognition. The Journal of Nutrition 2005;235:267-72.

9. Federal, Provincial and Territorial Advisory Committee on Population Health. Toward a healthy future: Second report on the health of Canadians. 1999.

10. Health Canada. Canadian Perinatal Health Report, 2003. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2003.

11. Health Canada. Family centred maternity and newborn care, 4th Edition. Available at: Accessed August 2005.

12. Tatano Beck, C. Predictors of postpartum depression. Nursing Research 2001;50:275-285.

13. Tammentie, T, Tarkka, MT, Astedt-Kurki, P, Paavilainen, E. Sociodemographic factors of families related to postpartum depression of mothers. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2002;8:240-6.

14. Jesse, DE, Graham, M. Are you often sad and depressed? Brief measures to identify women at risk for depression in pregnancy. American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing 2005;30:40-5.

15. Josefsson, A. et al. Obstetric, somatic, demographic risk factors for post partum depressive symptoms. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2002;99:223-8.

16. Antenatal Psychosocial Health Assessment accessed March 19, 2006