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Practical Considerations

If you suspect that a pregnant woman may not be eating adequately because of her economic situation, ask:

  • Do you sometimes not have enough money to buy food?

  • How frequently has this happened in the last month?[5]

Women who are nutritionally vulnerable can be referred to the Canada Prenatal Nutrition Program (CPNP). This program is designed to provide food supplementation, nutrition counselling, education and referral for women at risk for poor pregnancy outcomes including women living in poverty, women in violent situations and pregnant adolescents.[1] See for a listing of existing program sites.


1. American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Guidelines for perinatal care, 5th Edition. 2002

5. Health Canada. Nutrition for a healthy pregnancy: National guidelines for the childbearing years. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada; 1999.

All references for this section