Research indicates that economic deprivation can produce stress within the family. Economic stress, in turn, can create an unfavourable emotional home environment by precipitating parental depression, resulting in marital conflict , , .
Economic stress also can affect youth socio-emotional problems through a direct link with parenting practices that are harsh and physical, inconsistent, emotionally unsupportive, and conflicted , ; or economic stress can affect parenting practices indirectly through its associations with parental depression and marital conflict , , .
13. Brody, G. H., Stoneman, Z., Flor, D., McCrary, C., Hastings, L., and Conyers, 0. (1994). Financial resources, parent psychological functioning, parent co-caregiving, and early adolescent competence in rural two-parent African-American Families. Child Dev. 65: 590605.
14. Conger, R. D., Conger, K. J., Elder, G. H., Jr., Lorenz, F. O., Simons, R. L., and Whitbeck, L. B. (1993). Family economic stress and adjustment of early adolescent girls. Dev. Psychol. 29: 206-219.
16. Harold, G. T., Fincham, F. D., Osborne, L. N., and Conger, R. D. (1997). Mom and dad are at it again: Adolescent perceptions of marital conflict and adolescent psychological distress. Dev. Psychol. 33: 333-350.