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What are the determinants of health?

Health Canada [3] has identified 12 determinants of health:

  1. income and social status 

  2. employment 

  3. education 

  4. social environments 

  5. physical environments 

  6. healthy child development 

  7. personal health practices and coping skills 

  8. health services 

  9. social support networks 

  10. biology and genetic endowment 

  11. gender

  12. culture


3. Health Canada. Women's Health Strategy, Women's Health Bureau, Health Canada, 1999. http://hc-sc.gc/english/women/womenstrat.htm

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