Site Home   Gender and Depression       Introduction to Gender and Health   The Gender Lens Tool

Risk Factors for Depression

  • Female Sex

  • Family History, Genetics

  • Low income status, poverty

  • Discrimination based on sex, race, religion, sexual orientation

  • Victim of gendered abuse/violence (childhood, sexual, domestic)

  • Domestic Roles, Lack of personal control over life

  • Having young children (under age 7), poor childcare support

  • Caregiver stress

  • Psychological Factors (Low self-esteem, Poor coping skills)

  • Social isolation, lack of strong friendship network, lack of spiritual grounding

  • History of Substance Use/Abuse

  • Low educational level

  • Unemployment, low prestige job, hazardous work environment

  • Disrupted marital status

  • Grief, loss

  • Poor physical health

  • Culture

  • Other co-morbidities (anxiety, substance abuse, stroke, CNS disorders, dementia, cardiovascular disease, HIV, cancer, chronic illness, disability, etc.)