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Despite matching for age and body surface area, Keresztes et al[1] found that women did not have as favorable an outcome after surgery as men. Research needs to further examine the interaction of physical outcomes and depression in women after coronary artery bypass surgery[1].

A retrospective study by Lane et al[2] confirms that carotid endarterectomy provides long-term reduction in stroke risk and improved stroke-free survival rates in both men and women. However, women with previous neurologic symptoms and those using hormone replacement therapy appear to be at higher stroke risk at the time of surgery[2].


1. Keresztes P. A, Merritt S. L., Holm K., Penckofer S.and Hammond M. P., The coronary artery bypass experience: genderdifferences , Heart Lung, 2003;32:308-19.

2. Lane JS, Shekherdimian S, Moore WS, Does female gender or hormone replacement therapy affect early or late outcome after carotid endarterectomy? Vasc Surg. 2003 Mar;37(3):568-74.

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