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Obesity and Diet

 

  1. Provide dietary counselling, especially in women with other risk factors and in young women. (consensus)[1][10]

  2. Reinforce body mass index goals at all ages, but especially in early life in addition to higher risk postmenopausal years. Prevention of obesity should be encouraged, as subsequent weight loss is difficult to achieve and maintain. (Consensus) [1][10]

  3. An improvement in diet (lower intake of saturated fats, coupled with higher intake of folate, marine n-3 fatty acids, cereal fibre, and poly-unsaturated fats) may reduce incidence of coronary heart disease in women. (quality of evidence I, Grade B recommendation) [1][10]

 

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1. Amberson, B.L., (2000) Risk Factors and Primary Prevention of Ischemic Heart Disease in Women. Canadian Cardiovascular Society Consensus Conference: Women and Ischemic Heart Disease, October 2000: 4/1-4/25.

10. Mosca L, et al. Evidence-Based Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women. AHA/ACC 2004 Scientific Statement. Circulation 2004;109:672-693.

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