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  1. Regular moderate physical activity is effective in reducing cardiac events. (observational quality of evidence I, Grade B recommendation)[1][10]

  2. Encourage fitness for health reasons (as opposed to body image) in young women. (Consensus)[1][10]

 The Health Canada Physical Activity Guidelines are available through the physical activity unit.


1. Amberson, B.L., (2000) Risk Factors and Primary Prevention of Ischemic Heart Disease in Women. Canadian Cardiovascular Society Consensus Conference: Women and Ischemic Heart Disease, October 2000: 4/1-4/25.

10. Mosca L, et al. Evidence-Based Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women. AHA/ACC 2004 Scientific Statement. Circulation 2004;109:672-693.

All references for this section