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  1. Although moderate alcohol assumption lowers the risk of ischemic heart disease in women, its effects on the incidence of coronary disease appears to be not as important as other dietary and lifestyle changes, especially weighed against the risk of excessive alcohol intake. (Observational studies quality of evidence II, Grade B recommendation)[1][10]

  2. In women, the beneficial effects of low to moderate alcohol consumption must be balanced against the risk of breast cancer. (Observational studies. Quality of evidence II, Grade B recommendation)[1][10]



1. Amberson, B.L., (2000) Risk Factors and Primary Prevention of Ischemic Heart Disease in Women. Canadian Cardiovascular Society Consensus Conference: Women and Ischemic Heart Disease, October 2000: 4/1-4/25.

10. Mosca L, et al. Evidence-Based Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women. AHA/ACC 2004 Scientific Statement. Circulation 2004;109:672-693.

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